1862 Trial 373: Hda-hin-hday

For an overview of this series publishing the trial records of the 38 Dakota men executed at Mankato Minnesota on December 26, 1862, see the first post.

Hdahinhday’s is trial thirty-sixth of thirty-nine in this series. 

Transcript: Trial 373 Hda-hin-day

Page Images: #373 Hda-hin-hday


Whiting-Ruggles Summary December 5, 1862

No. 373. HDA-HIN-HDAY.—Convicted of the murder of Mrs. Adams’s child, and others. Was one of the party that brought Mrs. Adams in.[1]


Trial Record November 3, 1862

[Trial #373 – Hda-hin-hday]

Proceedings of a Military Commission convened at Camp Release opposite the Mouth of Chippewa River by virtue of the following order

Order No. 55                           viz:

Head Quarters Camp Release September 28th 1862

A Military Commission composed of Colonel Wm Crooks of the 6th Reg., Lieut. Col. Marshall of the 7th Regiment, Captains Grant & Bailey of the 6th Reg. And Lieut. Olin of the 3rd Reg. Will convene at some convenient point in camp at 10 o’clock this morning to try summarily the Mulatto, and Indians, or mixed bloods, now prisoners, or who may be brought before them, by direction of the Col. Commanding and pass judgment upon them, if found guilty of murder or other outrages upon the Whites, during the present State of hostilities of the Indians, the proceedings of the Commission to be returned to these Head Quarters immediately after their conclusion, for the consideration of the Col. Commanding.

The Commission will be governed in their proceedings, by Military Law and usage.

                                                            (signed) H.H. Sibley

 Colonel Commanding Military Expedition

Head Qtrs. Camp Release Min. Oct. 15 1862

Order No. 65

I. The Military Commission of which Col. Wm Crooks 6th Regt Minn Vols is President will reconvene tomorrow at 10 Oclock AM or as soon thereafter as practicable and proceed with the business before it.

II.Lieut. Col. Wm R Marshall 7th Minn Vols being absent on duty Maj. Gen Bradley of the seventh is hereby detailed to fill the vacancy thus occasioned.

By order of Gen.l H.H. Sibley

S.W. Fowler Lieut Col. A.A.A. Gl

Camp Sibley Lower Agency

November 3rd 1862

The Military Commission met pursuant to the above order-


Col. Crooks – 6th Reg. M. V.

Maj. Bradley, 7th Regt. M.V.     Members

Capt. Grant, 6th Regt. M.V.

Capt. Bailey, 6th Regt. M. V.

Lt. Olin – 3rd Regt. M. V., Judge Advocate

Adjutant Heard – McPhail’s Mounted Rangers – Recorder

The Military Commission was duly sworn and Hda-hin-hday a Sioux Indian was arraigned in the following charge and specifications, viz

Head Quarters Camp Sibley

29th October 1862

            Charge and specification against Hda-hin-hday a Sioux Indian

Charge –Participation in the murders, outrages & robberies committed by the Sioux Indians on the Minnesota frontier

Specification –In that Hda-hin-hday a Sioux Indian did join with and participate in the murders robberies and outrages committed by the Sioux Tribe of Indians on the Minnesota frontier between the 18th day of August 1862 and the 28th day of September 1862 and particularly in the Battles of the Fort, Birch Coolie, New Ulm, and Wood Lake

H.H. Sibley

Brig Gen Commanding


Alex Graham

Prisoner states –

Was not at the Fort, nor at New Ulm, nor at Birch Coolie.  Was at home with the belly ache.

Was at Wood Lake.  Did not fire there. Was not out to the Big Woods.

Alex Graham, sworn, states –

I have heard that the prisoner was the man that killed Mrs. Adams child.  I don’t know the fact but have heard so.

Prisoner states –That he knows nothing about himself.  Don’t remember of doing anything bad.

Jos. Campbell, sworn, says –

Prisoner was out at Cedar Island and with others brought in Mrs. Adams.  Mrs. Adams once pointed him out to me as the man that killed her child.  The prisoner was of a party who were a little ahead of us when we stopped for breakfast. We heard them fire their guns and when we caught up we found a white man killed with his head and hands cut off.

And there upon the case being closed the Commission was cleared and proceeded with their finding and sentence.

The Military Commission after due deliberation on the foregoing, the evidence being closed and Commission was cleared and proceeded with the finding and sentence.

The Military Commission find the prisoner, the said Hda-hin-hday, a Sioux Indian, as follows –

Guilty of the specification

Guilty of the charge,

And sentence him to be hung by the neck until he is dead.

                                    [signatures of Mil. Com.][2]


Riggs Synopsis December 1862

36. Had-hin-day (To Make a Rattling Noise Suddenly) says that he was up north at the time of the outbreak, and did not come down until after the killing of the whites was past; was at the Battle of Wood Lake. He says he is charged with killing two children but the charge is false.[3]

[1]Whiting-Ruggles Report to Abraham Lincoln December 5, 1862.

[2] Dakota Trials Records. Microfilm and holograph records in Center for Legislative Archives, U.S. Senate Records, National Archives. Transcription by Walt Bachman. See corresponding digitations of microfilm by John Isch.

[3] Mankato Independent December 26, 1862, “Confessions of the Condemned” p. 2. Editorial introduction reads: “Rev. S. R. Riggs has kindly prepared for us the following synopsis of conversations held with each one of the condemned prisoners, wherein is contained much interesting information.”

Transcriptions by Walt Bachman and Carrie Reber Zeman. Page images provided by John Isch.

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